Ferrari
Testarossa - 512 TR - F512 M
Digit 12-17: Serialnumber

The last five or six digits of the VIN represent the serialnumber (also known as chassisnumber, c/n or s/n).
Starting in 1947, Ferrari used several ranges of numbers to identify their cars, shown below in a simplified way:

RangeDescription
002 - 1050, Even numbers1947 - 1970: Even numbers were used for the Competitions cars, from 166 Spider Corsa to 512 S
001 - 74999, Odd numbers1947 - 1988: Odd numbers were used for the "street" cars
75000 - 195000+, All numbers1988 - present: From s/n 75000 onwards, both odd and even numbers were used
00102 - 15604, Even numbers1967 - 1980: Used for the Dino series (206 GT, 246 GT(S), 208/308 GT4)
01 - 300+, All numbers1950 - present: For the Formula 1 cars (and in the early days also F2 and other F-series)
several rangesSeveral other types (like 333 SP) have their own ranges


The Vehicle Identification Number was introduced in 1980, near s/n 30xxx.
It was also used on a small number of (late production) Dino 308 GT4s, which have s/n near 15xxx.